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Jakarta-ORO 2.0.6 API: Class Perl5Substitution
Jakarta ORO

org.apache.oro.text.regex
Class Perl5Substitution

java.lang.Object
  |
  +--org.apache.oro.text.regex.StringSubstitution
        |
        +--org.apache.oro.text.regex.Perl5Substitution
All Implemented Interfaces:
Substitution

public class Perl5Substitution
extends StringSubstitution

Perl5Substitution implements a Substitution consisting of a literal string, but allowing Perl5 variable interpolation referencing saved groups in a match. This class is intended for use with Util.substitute.

The substitution string may contain variable interpolations referring to the saved parenthesized groups of the search pattern. A variable interpolation is denoted by $1, or $2, or $3, etc. If you want such expressions to be interpreted literally, you should set the numInterpolations parameter to INTERPOLATE_NONE . It is easiest to explain what an interpolated variable does by giving an example:

    Suppose you have the pattern b\d+: and you want to substitute the b's for a's and the colon for a dash in parts of your input matching the pattern. You can do this by changing the pattern to b(\d+): and using the substitution expression a$1-. When a substitution is made, the $1 means "Substitute whatever was matched by the first saved group of the matching pattern." An input of b123: after substitution would yield a result of a123-. But there's a little more to be aware of. If you set the numInterpolations parameter to INTERPOLATE_ALL, then every time a match is found, the interpolation variables are computed relative to that match. But if numInterpolations is set to some positive integer, then only the interpolation variables for the first numInterpolations matches are computed relative to the most recent match. After that, the remaining substitutions have their variable interpolations performed relative to the numInterpolations 'th match. So using the previously mentioned pattern and substitution expression, if you have an input of
    Tank b123: 85  Tank b256: 32  Tank b78: 22
    and use a numInterpolations value of INTERPOLATE_ALL and numSubs value (see Util.substitute) of SUBSTITUTE_ALL, then your result will be:
    Tank a123- 85  Tank a256- 32  Tank a78- 22
    But if you set numInterpolations to 2 and keep numSubs with a value of SUBSTITUTE_ALL, your result is:
    Tank a123- 85  Tank a256- 32  Tank a256- 22
    Notice how the last substitution uses the same value for $1 as the second substitution.

A final thing to keep in mind is that if you use an interpolation variable that corresponds to a group not contained in the match, then it is interpreted as the empty string. So given the regular expression from the example, and a substitution expression of a$2-, the result of the last sample input would be:

Tank a- 85  Tank a- 32  Tank a- 22
The special substitution $& will interpolate the entire portion of the input matched by the regular expression. $0 will do the same, but it is recommended that it be avoided because the latest versions of Perl use $0 to store the program name rather than duplicate the behavior of $&. Also, the result of substituting $ followed by a non-positive integer is undefined. In order to include a $ in a substitution, it should be escaped with a backslash (e.g., "\\$0").

Perl5 double-quoted string case modification is also supported in the substitution. The following escape sequences are supported:

\\U
make substitution uppercase until end of substitution or \\E
\\u
make next character uppercase
\\L
make substitution uppercase until end of substitution or \\E
\\l
make next character uppercase
\\E
mark the end of the case modification
The double backslashes are shown to remind you that to make a backslash get past Java's string handling and appear as a backslash to the substitution, you must escape the backslash.

Since:
1.1
Version:
2.0.6
Author:
Daniel F. Savarese, Mark Murphy, Takashi Okamoto
See Also:
Substitution, Util, Util.substitute(org.apache.oro.text.regex.PatternMatcher, org.apache.oro.text.regex.Pattern, org.apache.oro.text.regex.Substitution, java.lang.String, int), Substitution, StringSubstitution

Field Summary
static int INTERPOLATE_ALL
          A constant used when creating a Perl5Substitution indicating that interpolation variables should be computed relative to the most recent pattern match.
static int INTERPOLATE_NONE
          A constant used when creating a Perl5Substitution indicating that interpolation variables should be interpreted literally, effectively disabling interpolation.
 
Constructor Summary
Perl5Substitution()
          Default constructor initializing substitution to a zero length String and the number of interpolations to INTERPOLATE_ALL.
Perl5Substitution(java.lang.String substitution)
          Creates a Perl5Substitution using the specified substitution and setting the number of interpolations to INTERPOLATE_ALL.
Perl5Substitution(java.lang.String substitution, int numInterpolations)
          Creates a Perl5Substitution using the specified substitution and setting the number of interpolations to the specified value.
 
Method Summary
 void appendSubstitution(java.lang.StringBuffer appendBuffer, MatchResult match, int substitutionCount, PatternMatcherInput originalInput, PatternMatcher matcher, Pattern pattern)
          Appends the substitution to a buffer containing the original input with substitutions applied for the pattern matches found so far.
 void setSubstitution(java.lang.String substitution)
          Sets the substitution represented by this Perl5Substitution, also setting the number of interpolations to INTERPOLATE_ALL.
 void setSubstitution(java.lang.String substitution, int numInterpolations)
          Sets the substitution represented by this Perl5Substitution, also setting the number of interpolations to the specified value.
 
Methods inherited from class org.apache.oro.text.regex.StringSubstitution
getSubstitution, toString
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait
 

Field Detail

INTERPOLATE_ALL

public static final int INTERPOLATE_ALL
A constant used when creating a Perl5Substitution indicating that interpolation variables should be computed relative to the most recent pattern match.

INTERPOLATE_NONE

public static final int INTERPOLATE_NONE
A constant used when creating a Perl5Substitution indicating that interpolation variables should be interpreted literally, effectively disabling interpolation.
Constructor Detail

Perl5Substitution

public Perl5Substitution()
Default constructor initializing substitution to a zero length String and the number of interpolations to INTERPOLATE_ALL.

Perl5Substitution

public Perl5Substitution(java.lang.String substitution)
Creates a Perl5Substitution using the specified substitution and setting the number of interpolations to INTERPOLATE_ALL.

Parameters:
substitution - The string to use as a substitution.

Perl5Substitution

public Perl5Substitution(java.lang.String substitution,
                         int numInterpolations)
Creates a Perl5Substitution using the specified substitution and setting the number of interpolations to the specified value.

Parameters:
substitution - The string to use as a substitution.
numInterpolations - If set to INTERPOLATE_NONE, interpolation variables are interpreted literally and not as references to the saved parenthesized groups of a pattern match. If set to INTERPOLATE_ALL , all variable interpolations are computed relative to the pattern match responsible for the current substitution. If set to a positive integer, the first numInterpolations substitutions have their variable interpolation performed relative to the most recent match, but the remaining substitutions have their variable interpolations performed relative to the numInterpolations 'th match.
Method Detail

setSubstitution

public void setSubstitution(java.lang.String substitution)
Sets the substitution represented by this Perl5Substitution, also setting the number of interpolations to INTERPOLATE_ALL. You should use this method in order to avoid repeatedly allocating new Perl5Substitutions. It is recommended that you allocate a single Perl5Substitution and reuse it by using this method when appropriate.

Overrides:
setSubstitution in class StringSubstitution
Parameters:
substitution - The string to use as a substitution.

setSubstitution

public void setSubstitution(java.lang.String substitution,
                            int numInterpolations)
Sets the substitution represented by this Perl5Substitution, also setting the number of interpolations to the specified value. You should use this method in order to avoid repeatedly allocating new Perl5Substitutions. It is recommended that you allocate a single Perl5Substitution and reuse it by using this method when appropriate.

Parameters:
substitution - The string to use as a substitution.
numInterpolations - If set to INTERPOLATE_NONE, interpolation variables are interpreted literally and not as references to the saved parenthesized groups of a pattern match. If set to INTERPOLATE_ALL , all variable interpolations are computed relative to the pattern match responsible for the current substitution. If set to a positive integer, the first numInterpolations substitutions have their variable interpolation performed relative to the most recent match, but the remaining substitutions have their variable interpolations performed relative to the numInterpolations 'th match.

appendSubstitution

public void appendSubstitution(java.lang.StringBuffer appendBuffer,
                               MatchResult match,
                               int substitutionCount,
                               PatternMatcherInput originalInput,
                               PatternMatcher matcher,
                               Pattern pattern)
Appends the substitution to a buffer containing the original input with substitutions applied for the pattern matches found so far. See Substitution.appendSubstition() for more details regarding the expected behavior of this method.

Overrides:
appendSubstitution in class StringSubstitution
Parameters:
appendBuffer - The buffer containing the new string resulting from performing substitutions on the original input.
match - The current match causing a substitution to be made.
substitutionCount - The number of substitutions that have been performed so far by Util.substitute.
originalInput - The original input upon which the substitutions are being performed. This is a read-only parameter and is not modified.
matcher - The PatternMatcher used to find the current match.
pattern - The Pattern used to find the current match.

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