Jakarta-ORO 2.0.6 API: Class Perl5Matcher
Jakarta ORO

org.apache.oro.text.regex
Class Perl5Matcher

java.lang.Object
  |
  +--org.apache.oro.text.regex.Perl5Matcher
All Implemented Interfaces:
PatternMatcher

public final class Perl5Matcher
extends java.lang.Object
implements PatternMatcher

The Perl5Matcher class is used to match regular expressions (conforming to the Perl5 regular expression syntax) generated by Perl5Compiler.

Since:
1.0
Version:
2.0.6
Author:
Daniel F. Savarese
See Also:
PatternMatcher, Perl5Compiler

Constructor Summary
Perl5Matcher()
           
 
Method Summary
 boolean contains(char[] input, Pattern pattern)
          Determines if a string (represented as a char[]) contains a pattern.
 boolean contains(PatternMatcherInput input, Pattern pattern)
          Determines if the contents of a PatternMatcherInput, starting from the current offset of the input contains a pattern.
 boolean contains(java.lang.String input, Pattern pattern)
          Determines if a string contains a pattern.
 MatchResult getMatch()
          Fetches the last match found by a call to a matches() or contains() method.
 boolean isMultiline()
           
 boolean matches(char[] input, Pattern pattern)
          Determines if a string (represented as a char[]) exactly matches a given pattern.
 boolean matches(PatternMatcherInput input, Pattern pattern)
          Determines if the contents of a PatternMatcherInput instance exactly matches a given pattern.
 boolean matches(java.lang.String input, Pattern pattern)
          Determines if a string exactly matches a given pattern.
 boolean matchesPrefix(char[] input, Pattern pattern)
          Determines if a prefix of a string (represented as a char[]) matches a given pattern.
 boolean matchesPrefix(char[] input, Pattern pattern, int offset)
          Determines if a prefix of a string (represented as a char[]) matches a given pattern, starting from a given offset into the string.
 boolean matchesPrefix(PatternMatcherInput input, Pattern pattern)
          Determines if a prefix of a PatternMatcherInput instance matches a given pattern.
 boolean matchesPrefix(java.lang.String input, Pattern pattern)
          Determines if a prefix of a string matches a given pattern.
 void setMultiline(boolean multiline)
          Set whether or not subsequent calls to matches() or contains() should treat the input as consisting of multiple lines.
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
 

Constructor Detail

Perl5Matcher

public Perl5Matcher()
Method Detail

setMultiline

public void setMultiline(boolean multiline)
Set whether or not subsequent calls to matches() or contains() should treat the input as consisting of multiple lines. The default behavior is for input to be treated as consisting of multiple lines. This method should only be called if the Perl5Pattern used for a match was compiled without either of the Perl5Compiler.MULTILINE_MASK or Perl5Compiler.SINGLELINE_MASK flags, and you want to alter the behavior of how the ^, $, and . metacharacters are interpreted on the fly. The compilation options used when compiling a pattern ALWAYS override the behavior specified by setMultiline(). See Perl5Compiler for more details.

Parameters:
multiline - If set to true treats the input as consisting of multiple lines with respect to the ^ and $ metacharacters. If set to false treats the input as consisting of a single line with respect to the ^ and $ metacharacters.

isMultiline

public boolean isMultiline()
Returns:
True if the matcher is treating input as consisting of multiple lines with respect to the ^ and $ metacharacters, false otherwise.

matchesPrefix

public boolean matchesPrefix(char[] input,
                             Pattern pattern,
                             int offset)
Determines if a prefix of a string (represented as a char[]) matches a given pattern, starting from a given offset into the string. If a prefix of the string matches the pattern, a MatchResult instance representing the match is made accesible via getMatch().

This method is useful for certain common token identification tasks that are made more difficult without this functionality.

Specified by:
matchesPrefix in interface PatternMatcher
Parameters:
input - The char[] to test for a prefix match.
pattern - The Pattern to be matched.
offset - The offset at which to start searching for the prefix.
Returns:
True if input matches pattern, false otherwise.

matchesPrefix

public boolean matchesPrefix(char[] input,
                             Pattern pattern)
Determines if a prefix of a string (represented as a char[]) matches a given pattern. If a prefix of the string matches the pattern, a MatchResult instance representing the match is made accesible via getMatch().

This method is useful for certain common token identification tasks that are made more difficult without this functionality.

Specified by:
matchesPrefix in interface PatternMatcher
Parameters:
input - The char[] to test for a prefix match.
pattern - The Pattern to be matched.
Returns:
True if input matches pattern, false otherwise.

matchesPrefix

public boolean matchesPrefix(java.lang.String input,
                             Pattern pattern)
Determines if a prefix of a string matches a given pattern. If a prefix of the string matches the pattern, a MatchResult instance representing the match is made accesible via getMatch().

This method is useful for certain common token identification tasks that are made more difficult without this functionality.

Specified by:
matchesPrefix in interface PatternMatcher
Parameters:
input - The String to test for a prefix match.
pattern - The Pattern to be matched.
Returns:
True if input matches pattern, false otherwise.

matchesPrefix

public boolean matchesPrefix(PatternMatcherInput input,
                             Pattern pattern)
Determines if a prefix of a PatternMatcherInput instance matches a given pattern. If there is a match, a MatchResult instance representing the match is made accesible via getMatch(). Unlike the contains(PatternMatcherInput, Pattern) method, the current offset of the PatternMatcherInput argument is not updated. However, unlike the matches(PatternMatcherInput, Pattern) method, matchesPrefix() will start its search from the current offset rather than the begin offset of the PatternMatcherInput.

This method is useful for certain common token identification tasks that are made more difficult without this functionality.

Specified by:
matchesPrefix in interface PatternMatcher
Parameters:
input - The PatternMatcherInput to test for a prefix match.
pattern - The Pattern to be matched.
Returns:
True if input matches pattern, false otherwise.

matches

public boolean matches(char[] input,
                       Pattern pattern)
Determines if a string (represented as a char[]) exactly matches a given pattern. If there is an exact match, a MatchResult instance representing the match is made accesible via getMatch(). The pattern must be a Perl5Pattern instance, otherwise a ClassCastException will be thrown. You are not required to, and indeed should NOT try to (for performance reasons), catch a ClassCastException because it will never be thrown as long as you use a Perl5Pattern as the pattern parameter.

Note: matches() is not the same as sticking a ^ in front of your expression and a $ at the end of your expression in Perl5 and using the =~ operator, even though in many cases it will be equivalent. matches() literally looks for an exact match according to the rules of Perl5 expression matching. Therefore, if you have a pattern foo|foot and are matching the input foot it will not produce an exact match. But foot|foo will produce an exact match for either foot or foo. Remember, Perl5 regular expressions do not match the longest possible match. From the perlre manpage:

Alternatives are tried from left to right, so the first alternative found for which the entire expression matches, is the one that is chosen. This means that alternatives are not necessarily greedy. For example: when matching foo|foot against "barefoot", only the "foo" part will match, as that is the first alternative tried, and it successfully matches the target string.

Specified by:
matches in interface PatternMatcher
Parameters:
input - The char[] to test for an exact match.
pattern - The Perl5Pattern to be matched.
Returns:
True if input matches pattern, false otherwise.
Throws:
ClassCastException - If a Pattern instance other than a Perl5Pattern is passed as the pattern parameter.

matches

public boolean matches(java.lang.String input,
                       Pattern pattern)
Determines if a string exactly matches a given pattern. If there is an exact match, a MatchResult instance representing the match is made accesible via getMatch(). The pattern must be a Perl5Pattern instance, otherwise a ClassCastException will be thrown. You are not required to, and indeed should NOT try to (for performance reasons), catch a ClassCastException because it will never be thrown as long as you use a Perl5Pattern as the pattern parameter.

Note: matches() is not the same as sticking a ^ in front of your expression and a $ at the end of your expression in Perl5 and using the =~ operator, even though in many cases it will be equivalent. matches() literally looks for an exact match according to the rules of Perl5 expression matching. Therefore, if you have a pattern foo|foot and are matching the input foot it will not produce an exact match. But foot|foo will produce an exact match for either foot or foo. Remember, Perl5 regular expressions do not match the longest possible match. From the perlre manpage:

Alternatives are tried from left to right, so the first alternative found for which the entire expression matches, is the one that is chosen. This means that alternatives are not necessarily greedy. For example: when matching foo|foot against "barefoot", only the "foo" part will match, as that is the first alternative tried, and it successfully matches the target string.

Specified by:
matches in interface PatternMatcher
Parameters:
input - The String to test for an exact match.
pattern - The Perl5Pattern to be matched.
Returns:
True if input matches pattern, false otherwise.
Throws:
ClassCastException - If a Pattern instance other than a Perl5Pattern is passed as the pattern parameter.

matches

public boolean matches(PatternMatcherInput input,
                       Pattern pattern)
Determines if the contents of a PatternMatcherInput instance exactly matches a given pattern. If there is an exact match, a MatchResult instance representing the match is made accesible via getMatch(). Unlike the contains(PatternMatcherInput, Pattern) method, the current offset of the PatternMatcherInput argument is not updated. You should remember that the region between the begin (NOT the current) and end offsets of the PatternMatcherInput will be tested for an exact match.

The pattern must be a Perl5Pattern instance, otherwise a ClassCastException will be thrown. You are not required to, and indeed should NOT try to (for performance reasons), catch a ClassCastException because it will never be thrown as long as you use a Perl5Pattern as the pattern parameter.

Note: matches() is not the same as sticking a ^ in front of your expression and a $ at the end of your expression in Perl5 and using the =~ operator, even though in many cases it will be equivalent. matches() literally looks for an exact match according to the rules of Perl5 expression matching. Therefore, if you have a pattern foo|foot and are matching the input foot it will not produce an exact match. But foot|foo will produce an exact match for either foot or foo. Remember, Perl5 regular expressions do not match the longest possible match. From the perlre manpage:

Alternatives are tried from left to right, so the first alternative found for which the entire expression matches, is the one that is chosen. This means that alternatives are not necessarily greedy. For example: when matching foo|foot against "barefoot", only the "foo" part will match, as that is the first alternative tried, and it successfully matches the target string.

Specified by:
matches in interface PatternMatcher
Parameters:
input - The PatternMatcherInput to test for a match.
pattern - The Perl5Pattern to be matched.
Returns:
True if input matches pattern, false otherwise.
Throws:
ClassCastException - If a Pattern instance other than a Perl5Pattern is passed as the pattern parameter.

contains

public boolean contains(java.lang.String input,
                        Pattern pattern)
Determines if a string contains a pattern. If the pattern is matched by some substring of the input, a MatchResult instance representing the first such match is made acessible via getMatch(). If you want to access subsequent matches you should either use a PatternMatcherInput object or use the offset information in the MatchResult to create a substring representing the remaining input. Using the MatchResult offset information is the recommended method of obtaining the parts of the string preceeding the match and following the match.

The pattern must be a Perl5Pattern instance, otherwise a ClassCastException will be thrown. You are not required to, and indeed should NOT try to (for performance reasons), catch a ClassCastException because it will never be thrown as long as you use a Perl5Pattern as the pattern parameter.

Specified by:
contains in interface PatternMatcher
Parameters:
input - The String to test for a match.
pattern - The Perl5Pattern to be matched.
Returns:
True if the input contains a pattern match, false otherwise.
Throws:
ClassCastException - If a Pattern instance other than a Perl5Pattern is passed as the pattern parameter.

contains

public boolean contains(char[] input,
                        Pattern pattern)
Determines if a string (represented as a char[]) contains a pattern. If the pattern is matched by some substring of the input, a MatchResult instance representing the first such match is made acessible via getMatch(). If you want to access subsequent matches you should either use a PatternMatcherInput object or use the offset information in the MatchResult to create a substring representing the remaining input. Using the MatchResult offset information is the recommended method of obtaining the parts of the string preceeding the match and following the match.

The pattern must be a Perl5Pattern instance, otherwise a ClassCastException will be thrown. You are not required to, and indeed should NOT try to (for performance reasons), catch a ClassCastException because it will never be thrown as long as you use a Perl5Pattern as the pattern parameter.

Specified by:
contains in interface PatternMatcher
Parameters:
input - The char[] to test for a match.
pattern - The Perl5Pattern to be matched.
Returns:
True if the input contains a pattern match, false otherwise.
Throws:
ClassCastException - If a Pattern instance other than a Perl5Pattern is passed as the pattern parameter.

contains

public boolean contains(PatternMatcherInput input,
                        Pattern pattern)
Determines if the contents of a PatternMatcherInput, starting from the current offset of the input contains a pattern. If a pattern match is found, a MatchResult instance representing the first such match is made acessible via getMatch(). The current offset of the PatternMatcherInput is set to the offset corresponding to the end of the match, so that a subsequent call to this method will continue searching where the last call left off. You should remember that the region between the begin and end offsets of the PatternMatcherInput are considered the input to be searched, and that the current offset of the PatternMatcherInput reflects where a search will start from. Matches extending beyond the end offset of the PatternMatcherInput will not be matched. In other words, a match must occur entirely between the begin and end offsets of the input. See PatternMatcherInput for more details.

As a side effect, if a match is found, the PatternMatcherInput match offset information is updated. See the PatternMatcherInput.setMatchOffsets(int, int) method for more details.

The pattern must be a Perl5Pattern instance, otherwise a ClassCastException will be thrown. You are not required to, and indeed should NOT try to (for performance reasons), catch a ClassCastException because it will never be thrown as long as you use a Perl5Pattern as the pattern parameter.

This method is usually used in a loop as follows:

 PatternMatcher matcher;
 PatternCompiler compiler;
 Pattern pattern;
 PatternMatcherInput input;
 MatchResult result;

 compiler = new Perl5Compiler();
 matcher  = new Perl5Matcher();

 try {
   pattern = compiler.compile(somePatternString);
 } catch(MalformedPatternException e) {
   System.err.println("Bad pattern.");
   System.err.println(e.getMessage());
   return;
 }

 input   = new PatternMatcherInput(someStringInput);

 while(matcher.contains(input, pattern)) {
   result = matcher.getMatch();  
   // Perform whatever processing on the result you want.
 }

 

Specified by:
contains in interface PatternMatcher
Parameters:
input - The PatternMatcherInput to test for a match.
pattern - The Pattern to be matched.
Returns:
True if the input contains a pattern match, false otherwise.
Throws:
ClassCastException - If a Pattern instance other than a Perl5Pattern is passed as the pattern parameter.

getMatch

public MatchResult getMatch()
Fetches the last match found by a call to a matches() or contains() method. If you plan on modifying the original search input, you must call this method BEFORE you modify the original search input, as a lazy evaluation technique is used to create the MatchResult. This reduces the cost of pattern matching when you don't care about the actual match and only care if the pattern occurs in the input. Otherwise, a MatchResult would be created for every match found, whether or not the MatchResult was later used by a call to getMatch().

Specified by:
getMatch in interface PatternMatcher
Returns:
A MatchResult instance containing the pattern match found by the last call to any one of the matches() or contains() methods. If no match was found by the last call, returns null.

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